Hospiten tells us about obesity and diabetes
Obesity is regarded as a chronic multifactorial disease with an excess of adipose tissue (fat), which increases body weight and the risk of developing a number of ailments.
A patient is deemed overweight if their body mass index (BMI) score is 25 or higher and obese if it is above 30 (BMI = weight/height2).
This is a very prevalent health problem worldwide. Currently, Mexico has the second highest rate of obesity in the world amongst its adult population, with more than 70% of adults between the ages of 30 and 60 being overweight. Furthermore.
This is a fairly common health issue on a global scale. With more than 70% of adults between the ages of 30 and 60 overweight, Mexico currently has the second-highest rate of adult obesity in the world. Furthermore. Mexico ranks fourth in the rate of child obesity, behind Greece, the USA, and Italy.
Why do obesity and excess weight have such a negative effect on health?
Numerous population-based studies have demonstrated that being overweight or obese shortens life expectancy.
Additionally, they can cause several pathological ailments, including cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and respiratory and digestive issues, and even diabetes.
How is diabetes caused by obesity?
Molecules that are released into the bloodstream by excess fat stop the liver from producing insulin. As a result, both the amount of insulin in the blood and the amount of glucose produced by the liver rise. Without weight loss, this pattern of behavior eventually renders the mechanism inefficient, leading to hyperglycemia and the dreaded diabetes condition known as Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
We are aware that women are at a higher risk of developing diabetes than males are when they are overweight or obese; in fact, women who are overweight are 5 times more likely to do so than women who are obese are, and vice versa. Overweight men are twice as likely to develop diabetes, and 7 times more likely if they are obese.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus: what is it?
A collection of metabolic illnesses known as diabetes mellitus, with many different etiologies, are defined by a persistent rise in blood glucose levels.
Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for 90–95% of all occurrences of the disease, is more common among sedentary persons, older people, women who have experienced gestational diabetes or polycystic ovarian syndrome, as well as several ethnic groups. Type 2 diabetes is typically inherited. Long-term effects include issues with the heart, eyes, and kidneys.
How can an endocrinology and nutrition specialist help?
As experts, we look into the disease’s potential etiology using a series of questions, a physical examination, and particular supplementary testing. After that, we start a thorough course of treatment based on a customized and adaptable diet therapy, nutritional counseling, and activity recommendations. We can treat instances that call for therapy for concomitant illnesses, send patients to other doctors for care, prescribe particular medications, or draw attention to the necessity of bariatric surgery.
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