Hospiten tells us about the tests we should take according to our age
It is important to check your health at all ages to prevent and detect any potential health issues early on. Regular checkups and screenings can help identify problems before they become serious and allow for early treatment. Prevention measures such as vaccinations and lifestyle changes can also be implemented to reduce the risk of certain diseases. Additionally, regular check-ups can help individuals understand their own health and what they can do to maintain it. It’s essential to keep track of your health status at all ages. Hospiten experts share with us their advice for all ages.
Teens and 20 somethings
In adolescence and the twenties, it is recommended for both genders to carry out an analysis of cholesterol levels in the blood with a minimum frequency of every four years starting at 18 years old.
Also, for sexually active people it is important to perform HIV tests and update vaccines as necessary. It is important to ask about smoking habits and provide advice on quitting, doing so with a minimum frequency of every two years. It is also important to measure blood pressure. In women, starting at 25 years old, performing a cervical pap smear every three years is highly recommended.
Between 30 and 40 years old
For the general adult population in the age range between 30 and 40 years old, it is recommended to visit the doctor if they have any symptoms or health problems, but starting at that age, it is important to take preventative measures based on the performance of basic tests every 1-2 years or more, depending on the test or examination.
It is also advisable to take into account if they have a history of certain specific diseases. If so, depending on which ones they are, it may be indicated to start controls or tests for their early diagnosis and treatment.
For women of this age range, in addition to the cervical cancer screening, it is recommended to perform the HPV test every five years until age 65. Also, from 30 years old, it is advised to pay more attention to skin changes and see the doctor if there are changes in moles.
Starting at 50
There are certain diseases that should be properly checked in both men and women beginning at the age of 50. One of them is colon cancer, so it is advised to have a colonoscopy every five to ten years or to perform a hidden blood test in stool every two years between the ages of 50 and 70.
Cardiovascular risk factors should also be identified by measuring blood pressure, weight, and height every two years, analyzing cholesterol and blood sugar every five years, and evaluating toxic habits (alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs) every two years. Hypertension is one of the most common problems found during these examinations.
From 60 on
After the age of 60, additional precautions will be taken, such as suggestions for physical activity for people over 65 who are in danger of falling. Up until the age of 65, women are still screened for cervical cancer. Other ongoing procedures include cardiovascular risk assessment and hypertension screening.
Geriatric population: people 80 or older
It consists of four domains: clinical, mental, social, and functional, which, like pieces of a puzzle, when put together, create the true picture of the elderly person.
More research should be done on mental abilities like memory and direction, as well as on socio-familial factors, and physical or sensory impairments, which might have a big impact on fall prevention or major disability.
In addition to the standard testing, a blood test for folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6, and vitamin D – homocysteine will be performed. Also recommended is the Carotid intima-media thickness test. MRI, CT, or brain imaging.
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